Wing Chun System
What We Teach at Revolution Wing Chun
by Sifu Chuck O’Neill
Ving Tsun or Wing Chun Kung Fu emphasize practicality and effectiveness over flowery or aesthetically pleasing actions (as in Wushu).
Wing Chun uses principles and concepts to help free students from the restriction of techniques.
The use of principles and concepts help make Wing Chun an ‘intelligent’ martial art as the student can adapt them to his/her current situation.
The Wing Chun system consists of three empty hand forms (Sil Lim Tao, Chum Kiu, Biu Jee), a Wooden dummy form (Mook Yan Jong), two weapons forms (Luk Dim Boon Kwan & Baat Cham Doa) and Chi Sau drills to develop sensitivity and flexibility.
The system of Wing Chun that we teach at Revolution follows a logical progression, to help ensure that the student learns the concepts needed to follow the system.
Along with the above forms, there are many single and partner drills, such as Pak sau, Pak dar, Lop sau, Jip sau Jow sao, sandbag training and more
The Wing Chun System:
Sil Lim Tao (Sil Nim Tao, Sil Lum Tao)
Also known as ‘The little idea’ form, this helps teach students the basics and foundational concepts of the art. This is the first form taught to beginners.
The Sil Lim Tao form is a stationary from, done in Yee Gee Kim Yeung Ma (squeezing the goat stance).
It is said, that if you want to make your Ving Tsun better, train Sil Nim Tao more.
Chum Kiu (Chum Kil)
Chum Kiu or ‘Searching the Bridge’ form, teaches students the concepts of centralization, and rotation. This form also introduces the student to hau ma (back stance), che ma (turning stance), and Left and right stances, forward stepping ( Biu Ma), kicking and hip rotation.
Biu Ji (Biu Jee, Bil Ji, Bil Tze)
The ‘Thrusting Finger’ form, is the last of the empty hand forms. This form reinforces the returning to center when all other techniques have failed. This form stresses multi-angle striking, and recovery.
Traditionally this was a form that was never shown or practiced openly, as it displayed ’emergency
techniques’ available to the Wing Chun practitioner.
Without a strong understanding of the Chum Kiu and Sil Nim tao forms before it with the addition or supplementary training in these techniques, the Biu Ji form will be confusing to many students.
Chi Sau (Chi Sao)
‘Sticky Hands’ is considered by most, the heart of the Ving Tsun system. Chi sau will help the student to develop sensitivity to incoming forces. It also helps to stress the need for centerline and structure.
Sticky hands provides the student the ability to explore the concepts of Wing Chun in a safe environment. Regardless of a practitioner’s skill level, there is always room for learning. Chi sau at higher levels can incorporate elbows, takedowns, kicking and blindfolds.
At Revolution the Chi Sau practice is kept friendly and in partnership, with the level of training agreed to by the two practitioners. Chi sau is about learning Wing Chun concepts by experience, not about beating your partner.
Muk Yan Jong (Muk Yang Jong, Muk Jong)
The ‘Jong’ or wooden dummy, like Chi Sau, are part of the heart and signature of Wing Chun. Very few martial arts use a ‘dummy’ training apparatus.
To the Wing Chun stylist, the dummy represents a continual training partner and measuring stick.
To the average person, it will appear that a person using the dummy is only conditioning (toughening) their limbs. While this can occur, the true secret to the dummy, is in providing proper angles, and footwork to the practitioner.
While there is a 108 Movements form, there are also many drills which can be practiced on the Jong.
Luk Dim Boon Kwan (Luk Dim Poon Kwan)
The 6 and 1/2 point pole, uses a tapered pole known as a syu moi kwan or ‘rat tail pole’. This is a form rarely seen, and requires the practitioner to have a solid understanding of Sil Lim Tao, Chum Kiu, Biu Ji, and Mook Yan Jong before starting the training for the Luk Dim Poon Kwan form.
During the Luk Dim Boon Kwan training, the student will train in Jin Choi or ‘Battle Punches’, along with Biu Kwan, and Chi Kwan (or Sticky Pole).
Baat Cham Doa (Baat Jam Doa)
The Baat Cham Doa or ‘Eight Slashing Knives’ is the final set in the Wing Chun system.
It is considered the ‘Teacher’s’ form set.
At Revolution Wing Chun, we see the two Doa as a symbol of the relationship between teacher (sifu) and student (todai). The Baat Cham Doa, helps to train the student’s wrist power, elbow power, angles, structure, and footwork.
For more information on training with Revolution wing Chun see our page on Wing Chun Classes